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Definition of "monosaccharide" [mon•o•sac•cha•ride]

  • Any of several carbohydrates, such as tetroses, pentoses, and hexoses, that cannot be broken down to simpler sugars by hydrolysis. Also called simple sugar. (noun)

American Heritage(R) Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright (c) 2011 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Use "monosaccharide" in a sentence
  • "Simple CHOs consist of 1 sugar unit (monosaccharide) or 2 sugar units (disaccharides)."
  • "According to Wikipedia, it is a monosaccharide, or simple sugar, also known as grape sugar or corn sugar."
  • "Enzymatic hydrolysis of the glycoside with b-D-glucosidase, gave 2,5 - dihydroxybenzyl alcohol from the ethyl acetate extract, identified as its triacetate, whereas acid hydrolysis with 5% ethanolic sulphuric acid gave 3 - hydroxy-2, 6-dimethoxyethyl benzoate and glucose, as the sole monosaccharide in the aqueous solution (TLC)."