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Definition of "surplus" []

  • Being more than or in excess of what is needed or required: surplus grain. See Synonyms at superfluous. (adjective)
  • An amount or a quantity in excess of what is needed. (noun)
  • Accounting Total assets minus the sum of all liabilities. (noun)
  • Accounting Excess of a corporation's net assets over the face value of its capital stock. (noun)
  • Accounting Excess of receipts over expenditures. (noun)

American Heritage(R) Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright (c) 2011 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Use "surplus" in a sentence
  • "Marx used the term surplus value to refer to the commodities produced above and beyond subsistence."
  • "Bush said the surplus is the people's money not the government but he turned over a deficit to Obama and a complete mess for him to clean up."
  • "There is one other general concept used throughout the work which should be defined here – the concept of what I call surplus energy (often shortened to surplus)."