Any of various acute or chronic inflammations of the kidneys, such as Bright's disease.(noun)
American Heritage(R) Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright (c) 2011 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Use "nephritis" in a sentence
"This disease -- sometimes called nephritis -- occurs occasionally in cattle in consequence of their eating bad or unwholesome food, or of the abuse of diuretics, etc."
"The other kind of nephritis, or inflammation of the interior part of the kidney, generally arises from the pain occasioned by the stimulus of a stone entering the ureter from the pelvis of the kidney; and, which ceases when the stone is protruded forwards into the bladder; or when it is returned into the pelvis of the kidney by the retrograde action of the ureter."
"Studies have linked exposure to silica with various cancers, e.g. lung, stomach, lymphatic and skin as well as kidney diseases such as nephritis and end-stage renal disease."