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Definition of "hydrolysis" []

  • Decomposition of a chemical compound by reaction with water, such as the dissociation of a dissolved salt or the catalytic conversion of starch to glucose. (noun)

American Heritage(R) Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright (c) 2011 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Use "hydrolysis" in a sentence
  • "A cold-trapping experiment revealed that the nonenzymatic rate of Gln-AMP hydrolysis is too slow to account for the rapid AMP formation; hence, the hydrolysis of Gln-AMP to form glutamine and AMP must be directly catalyzed by the GlnRS x tRNA (2'HGln) complex."
  • "The energy from ATP hydrolysis is only converted into a conformational change that constrains the response of the myosin or kinesin to Brownian motion."
  • "The proximate location of newly discovered ice-fields, next to these "peaks of eternal light," will allow for the creation of fuel depots where water is mined and then solar energy is used to break it down to Hydrogen and Oxygen for rocket fuel (a process known as hydrolysis)."