(noun) A leave of absence,often with pay,usuallygrantedeveryseventhyear,as to a collegeprofessor, for travel,research, or rest.
(noun) A year during which land remained fallow,observedeverysevenyears by the ancientJews.
(noun) a year during which the land was to be left uncultivated, debts annulled, etc, supposed to be observed every seventh year by the ancient Israelites according to Leviticus 25
Use "sabbatical year" in a sentence
"Various meanings have been assigned to the Feast of Trumpets; but there seems to be no sufficient reason to call in question the common opinion of Jews and Christians, that if was the festival of the New Year's day of the civil year, the first of Tisri, the month which commenced the sabbatical year and the year of jubilee."
"Of the observance of the sabbatical year after the captivity we have a proof in 1 Macc."